Data security

Securing the Future: How Confidential Computing Could Have Protected the Federal Reserve

Miruna Stefan
July 1, 2024
Securing the Future: How Confidential Computing Could Have Protected the Federal Reserve

Securing the Future: How Confidential Computing Could Have Protected the Federal Reserve

Recent events have shown the increasing danger of cyberattacks. LockBit 3.0 claimed to have hacked the Federal Reserve, stealing 33 terabytes of sensitive data. This incident highlights the need for better cybersecurity. At enclaive, we see confidential computing as a key part of the solution.

What Happened?

LockBit 3.0, a well-known ransomware group, announced that they had breached the Federal Reserve's security. They claim to have stolen 33 terabytes of sensitive data. This data includes financial records, personal information of employees, and possibly even details on ongoing operations and policies. Such a breach can have severe implications, affecting not only the institution but also the broader financial system.

The attack likely involved sophisticated techniques, exploiting vulnerabilities in the Federal Reserve's cybersecurity defenses. The group used ransomware to encrypt the data, demanding a ransom for its return. The breach exposes significant weaknesses in protecting critical data and raises concerns about the adequacy of current security measures.

What is Confidential Computing?

Confidential computing is a breakthrough in data security, offering an unprecedented level of protection. By isolating sensitive computations in hardware-based Trusted Execution Environments (TEEs), confidential computing shields data from unauthorized access at any point in time, even when it's being processed.

Here’s what confidential computing offers:

  1. Better Data Security: Encrypts data even while processing, making it inaccessible during a breach.
  2. Ensures Data Integrity: Keeps data safe from tampering and unauthorized changes.
  3. Helps with Compliance: Meets regulatory standards by securing data at all stages.

If the Federal Reserve Used Confidential Computing

Imagine the Federal Reserve had confidential computing in place:

  • Data Encryption: Even if attackers managed to breach the system, the data would remain encrypted. Without the decryption keys, the stolen data would be useless to the attackers.
  • Secure Processing: All sensitive operations would occur within a secure enclave, isolated from the rest of the system. This means that even if the attackers gained access to the system, they wouldn't be able to see or tamper with the data being processed.
  • Reduced Impact: The overall impact of the breach would be significantly reduced. Attackers might still get in, but the data they steal would be unreadable and unusable, protecting the integrity of the Federal Reserve's operations.
  • Ransomware Resilience: Securing the processing of encrypted data enables countermeasures previously unattainable. Organizations can utilize encrypted backup and snapshot strategies (refer to in the elastic cloud. Automated, self-scaling, and self-healing mechanisms can facilitate daily or weekly data snapshots backed up to the cloud. For enhanced availability and fault tolerance, this system can operate as a cluster across multiple data centers and clouds.
  • AI-enabled Ransomware Prevention: Leveraging AI capabilities, models can be trained to detect intrusions and the spread of ransomware within an organization. Similar to intrusion detection systems integrated into many network security and application firewall products, these AI models identify ransomware infiltration. Confidential computing is crucial for training these models, allowing for training across multiple clients while keeping their behavior and actions anonymous and compliant with privacy regulations. Employees need not worry about being monitored by supervisors or AI, as these measures are focused on protecting the organization from ransomware.

With confidential computing, the Federal Reserve's sensitive data would have remained secure, and the attackers would have left empty-handed. This technology ensures that even if a breach occurs, the data remains protected, minimizing the potential damage.


The threat of cyberattacks is real and growing. Technologies like confidential computing offer a strong defense. At enclaive, we are dedicated to helping organizations protect their critical data. As threats evolve, so should our defenses. Confidential computing represents cutting-edge technology designed to ensure a secure digital future.

For more information on how enclaive can help secure your data, visit For advice on how to implement ransomware backup strategies, feel free to contact the enclaive support.

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